HUMANISM is a philosophy of reason and science in the pursuit of knowledge. Its a philosophy for people who think for themselves. Some one who embraces Humanism is called a Humanist. He is guided by Humanist Principles, Values & Ethics in performing his or her day to day activities.
A Humanist is some one who believes that Human beings have the potential to solve world problems themselves guided by reasoning and believe in things backed by evidence. Humanists believe in facts and reality rather than fiction, myths and allegories.
There exist different types of people with rational views and ideas who themselves don't subscribe to religious people but who are living good lives and contributing to the betterment of humanity, nature and well being and these are Humanists, Free thinkers, Atheists, Agnostics, Rationalists, Brights.
Humanists are identified by the Happy Human Symbol which means a Happy Huma.
Some key Humanist Moral Principles:
We should try to live by those values such as compassion, fairness and respect that have developed because human societies and groups cannot flourish without them.
Most of us can reason out right and wrong from the consequences of our actions,especially if we have sufficient information: we don't need god(s) to tell us how to lead good lives.
We should recognize that each society has evolved its own code of morality and laws,and that in most societies these will change as circumstances change.
In Uganda that is why our country has a legislative and judiciary organ to ensure laws are set to guide society.
Our actions and laws should aim to promote well-being and happiness, and to prevent, avoid or decrease suffering and misery.
Everyone should be free to act as they wish so long as their actions do not harm others.
We should be sensitive to the living environment and to people different from ourselves.
We should in general follow the two-part Golden Rule and treat others as we would want them to treat us in their position;do not treat others in ways we would not want to be treated ourselves in their position.
What Humanists embrace:
Thinking for ourselves
Using evidence, experience and our reason to understand the world
Living this one life well, working out meaning and purpose in life for ourselves
Making ourselves and others as happy as possible
Reducing unhappiness as far as possible
Promoting human rights and freedoms
Living cooperatively with people of other beliefs
What Humanists oppose:
The idea that you cannot have a meaningful life without belief in god(s)
The idea that morality derives from religion or god(s)
Doctrines of belief (religious or not) and indoctrination into them
Privileges or special laws for religions or religious people
Discrimination, human rights violations, and oppression
A god or gods: supernatural beings intervening in the world and taking an interest in human affairs
Other supernatural beings: ghosts, angels, fairies, goblins etc; and other
supernatural forces or events: karma, divine miracles etc.
An immortal soul and a life after death (in heaven, hell or in a reincarnated form)